The most well-known ship to bear the name Mary Rose, this Tudor carrack was built between 1510 and 1511 for Henry VIII and served in his ‘Army by Sea’ for 34 years, before being lost in action during the Battle of the Solent in 1545.
A fourth-rate frigate launched as HMS Maidstone in 1654, she was renamed HMS Mary Rose in 1660 after the restoration of the British Monarchy. She lead quite an action packed life, winning seven battle honours, including the Battle of Cádiz (1669, also known as ‘The Battle of The Seven Algerines’), a fight against seven Algerine frigates that were attacking a convoy off the coast of Cádiz in which six of them all took on HMS Mary Rose, which despite damage to her masts was able to fight them off for four hours before they retreated.
Sadly in 1691 her luck ran out when she was captured by the French in the West Indies, after 36 years of service, and indeed fought against the English in 1696.
The ninth Mary Rose was an ‘Algerine’-class minesweeper, originally built in Canada as HMCS Toronto for the Royal Canadian Navy in 1943 but transferred to the Royal Navy and renamed shortly after. She saw service in the Mediterranean and the Far East, before being broken up in 1957.
Although there is currently no naval vessel bearing the name Mary Rose, the Basingstoke Sea Cadets are based in TS Mary Rose.
Will there ever be a tenth Mary Rose? Who knows what the future holds…