Sadly in 1691 her luck ran out when she was captured by the French in the West Indies, after 36 years of service, and indeed fought against the English in 1696.
A year later, on 17th October 1917, HMS Mary Rose was, with her sister ship HMS Strongbow, escorting an eastbound convoy when they encountered two German cruisers, the SMS Bremse and the SMS Brummer 65 miles east of Lerwick. Mistaking them for British light cruisers, the Strongbow allowed them to get within 3,000 yards, at which point they opened fire, knocking out her engines and radio. They then proceeded to sink nine of the twelve merchant vessels of the convoy. HMS Mary Rose, hearing the firing astern from her position at the front of the convoy, turned and fought the German vessels, but was also sunk rapidly. Of the fourteen ships in the convoy, only three survived.